Feng Shui concepts in ancient Villages in Zhejiang province

2022-07-11 0 By

Since ancient times, Zhejiang has been endowed with outstanding people, good natural vegetation and rich landscape.In the eyes of people in zhejiang ancient villages, Yin and Yang are harmonized, while the five elements are unyielding, providing an inexhaustible driving force for the harmony of architectural feng shui.When they build village buildings, they look up and watch mountains, listen to springs from above, divert water to build roads, select beautiful places to build homes, and try to achieve harmony between man and nature.For example, Qiantong Ancient Town in Ninghai city is located in the Baixi Plain surrounded by mountains. Lianghuang Mountain is in the north, Tashan Mountain is in the east, Lushan Mountain is in the west, and Shijing Mountain and Yangjia Mountain are in the southeast.Liang Huangxi village and around, and baixi in the east of the village, flow to sanmen Bay, two kilometers south of the ancient town is Qingxi.Tong Huang, the ancestor of the town, as an official, moved his family from Taizhou to live here in front of the Huimin Temple because of his love for the beautiful mountain and water, and built the “temple front village”, commonly known as the former children.After more than 700 years of settlement and reproduction, it has finally become a village of ten thousand people.Similarly, fuyang longmen ancient town known as “Longmen hill under the iron wall”, in the mountains surrounded by Longmen Stream through town, in front of the town with jiu From Longmen Shan after the confluence to the north, and in the shuikou built wind tower;Longmen is also a large village with 7,000 people.Wuyi guo Cave is “mountains ring like an outline, secluded like a cave”, also surrounded by mountains on three sides, streams around the village, in the shuikou built back dragon bridge lock this geomantic treasure land.Like Qiantong, Longmen and Guo Dong, or they live in the mountains, choking the throat of the foothills, wharves and mountain passes;Some ancient settlements in a river bend, a crossing, and a branch called liuyoucheong are scattered all over zhejiang province.From the perspective of modern urban construction, we also need to consider the natural geographical conditions and ecological system of the whole region.Each region has its specific lithology, structure, climate, soil quality, vegetation and hydrology.Only when all kinds of comprehensive natural geographical elements in this region coordinate and complement each other, can the “qi” in the whole environment be smooth and lively, full of vitality, thus creating an ideal “fengshui treasure land” — a very good living environment.It is a typical environment with ecological significance for the dwelling settlements behind mountains and facing water.Such as the southern zhejiang area, mountainous dwellings.Wenzhou, Lishui and the southern part of Taizhou belong to ouyue cultural circle, with a strong atmosphere of local culture and farming culture.The Nanxi River valley in Yongjia is dotted with hundreds of ancient villages. In these purely agricultural villages, men farm and women weave, leading a self-sufficient life.In this village deeply influenced by the patriarchal system, the deep-rooted village form of villagers is a reflection of the mutual relationship between people and their living environment.This is basically the same with feng shui’s emphasis on the interaction between people and the environment, seeking harmony with heaven and earth and all things in nature, so as to achieve the purpose of chasing good fortune and avoiding evil.In the concept of feng shui, the external environment of a village, that is, the relationship between the external space and people, is the most important. Therefore, feng shui actively and purposefully creates “space more meaningful than nature”. This “meaning” is more reflected in the spiritual symbol, that is, it finds a way for people to express their feelings and place their hopes.For example, Furong Village is arranged according to the concept of “seven stars and eight dou”, which means that the stars in the sky correspond to the people on the ground. “Star” is the square platform at the intersection of roads, and “dou” is the square pool at the intersection of canals.The “seven Stars” are separated by wings zhen, and the “eight dou” is JL~I in shape. The roads and water systems are connected with the “Star” and “Dou” to form a complete system.The metaphor of “seven stars and eight stars” implies that Furong Village can accommodate the stars in the sky, and contains the ardent expectation that the future generations of talented people will come forth in large numbers as stars.On the other hand, such layout is also conducive to the self-protection of the village.In case of invasion, Star can be used as a battle control station, and Dou can be used to prevent fire attack.From the ecological point of view, there are fire prevention, temperature regulation and beautification of the village.For example, cangpo village is arranged according to the four treasures of the study. The pen street of the village is facing the bijia Mountain in the west of the village. The bijia Mountain is reflected in the two ponds in the village, namely the “inkstone pool”, just like a dragon on the pen rack, lifelike.And on the edge of the inkstone pool, there are stone grooves, meaning inkstone grooves.Two large stone bars are placed near Bi Street, which means ink.The square villages and fields are just like a piece of white paper, perfectly matching the meaning of “brush, ink, paper and inkstone”.It expresses the ardent expectation and good wishes of our ancestors to the later generations.Man is the master of architecture and the main body in the natural environment.The harmony between architectural art form beauty and natural environment form beauty mainly reflects the harmony between man and natural environment form beauty.The ancestors of ancient settlements paid special attention to the shape of mountains and rivers when choosing places to live, namely the so-called dragon veins and gathering qi.In their hearts, they hope that nature can bring happiness to their children and grandchildren.There are many examples of the perfect combination of natural beauty and humanistic spirit in ancient villages in Zhejiang province.For example, the pond in Furong Village can reflect Furong Peak in the water every evening, and the ink pool in Cangpo Village reflects Bijia Peak, and the architectural layout of the ancient Village in Yuyuan is arranged according to the ancient Chinese astrological map of “Tiangang leads 28 nights, and the zodiac encircled”.The taiji diagram at the entrance of the village is “double fish Palace” and 11 hills around the village just constitute the “zodiac signs”. There are seven ponds in the village – seven star pond, into the “Big Dipper shape”, yu family ancestral hall is located in the big Dipper “bucket”.For example, Guodong Village was designed and built according to neijing Map, and Zhuge Village in Lanxi city was built according to jiugong Bagua Map.The water mouth is an important symbol of the outer space of the settlement, which defines the beginning of the spatial sequence of the village, and the villagers have a strong sense of belonging here.Under the influence of feng shui concept, shuikou is not only the entrance of the village, but also plays a spiritual dominant role in the rise and fall and safety of the village.In many areas of Zhejiang province, traditional villages often use temples, pavilions, Bridges and trees as “locks”, which is influenced by the theory that geomantic water outlets should be “filled with empty Spaces”.For example, yao Village in Lanxi built a ancestral hall to guan Shuikou, zuo Ying nunn in the east and Zuo Ying bridge in the west.Chun ‘an he village in the village built a tall Wenchang Pavilion;The shuikou of jiande New Leaf village has wenchang Pavilion, Wugu Temple and Tuan Cloud tower.Qingtan Village built zijinyan Pagoda (also known as spiral river pagoda) in shuikou, surrounded by nine peaks, which is the image of “fighting for the pearl in Kowloon” and has always been regarded as the treasure of protecting the village.The practice of building (planting) tall buildings or Bridges, pavilions and trees at the entrance of the village, although from a symbolic purpose, objectively makes up for the deficiency of the natural environment and makes the landscape tend to balance and harmony.The orientation, form, layout and mutual relationship of residential houses are almost controlled and influenced by fengshui concept.In the folk houses of Zhejiang province, the processing techniques of feng shui to seek good fortune and avoid bad fortune are mainly manifested in catering to, avoiding compromise and keeping calm.Most of the traditional residential buildings in Zhejiang are regular square courtyard layout, and the special form of house foundation is rarely seen.In front of the hall of the residence, there were usually ancestral tablets, so no Windows were opened, which also caters to the feng shui saying that “incense should be centered and no skylight should be opened in front of incense hall”.In addition, such as hanging mirrors on the house lintel (according to the demon), cutting (evil), pasting spells (evil);The door ring is made into a beast (lion, tiger) shape to avoid evil spirits;In the door of the ominous wall wall isolation, set up stone tablets (stone dare) to town.In addition, in the beam, roof and other parts of the drawing symbolic auspicious images, so as to drive evil, to protect peace, make well-being.For example, taiji pattern is used as the foundation of standing at attention, xiangyun pattern is used as the carrier of mind wandering to god, and bats are compared to happiness, deer to happiness, and turtles and cranes to longevity.All these, to varying degrees, show people’s yearning for the prosperity of family and family, and their pursuit of a peaceful life.But it is mixed with fatalism, causality, circulation and other superstitious thoughts.If say what gong door of northeast is ghost door, opposite gong door is not auspicious, etc.These feudal superstitious concepts of feng shui should be eliminated.Want to know more exciting content, quick to pay attention to the small place name big universe ancient Wenzhou city stands for thousands of years has never been broken, its city site planning has a particular attention!The Concept of Land Planning and Feng Shui Theory in The Rites of Zhou Ancient City Planning, Feng Shui Theory and Practice in the Book of History Site selection of Ancient Chinese villages and Their Feng Shui Landscape Patterns