The children of factories and mines are old: the fifth-tier city has run out of the world’s leading lithium industry, and my small company has withdrawn from Shenzhen to provide for the aged

2022-07-18 0 By

Editor’s note: Bid farewell to the night of the city and go to the depths of the clouds in my hometown.Trapped by the epidemic for two years, the post-90s generation crossed mountains and seas to return home for reunion.In their homeland, they are more like foreigners for a short stay.In their perspective, they saw the changes in human feelings, social changes, and feelings of family and country.On the occasion of the Spring Festival of the Year of the Yin tiger, Time Finance launched the series “My Hometown, My Foreign Land”, this is the ninth article.”After work, go to the pedestrian street to eat fried noodles.”At the end of the night shift, Li Lei used to have breakfast with his colleagues and then go home to catch up on sleep.This shop, which he has been eating for more than 20 years since his student days, is almost unchanged except for the price increase and the shop decoration.Xinyu, a fifth-tier city located in the middle of Jiangxi province, has neither river transport nor sea transport. It has iron ore resources and has developed into a standard industrial city.As the smallest prefecture-level city in the province, there is only one district and one county with a permanent population of only 1.2 million.At the end of 1950s, the first generation of workers from all over the country gathered here. In the years of burning passion, they went far away from home and devoted their youth to the construction of the motherland. Finally, they took root here.For a long time, the more than 60-year old state-owned Xinyu Iron and Steel Group was the most important pillar of the local economy.As the child of an employee at a state-owned steel company, Li Lei and his colleagues share a common identity as factory children.Like most of the children of factories and mines, they are the only child and have known each other since childhood. They went to school together in kindergarten, primary school and high school, lived in the same residential area, and were even born in the same hospital. They grew up speaking Mandarin, which does not speak the local dialect.Before 2005, the steel industry used to account for 70% of the GDP of Xinyu. Until recent years, the town has gradually developed other industries and three other listed companies emerged, among which “Ganfeng Lithium”, a company with a market value of more than 100 billion yuan, is the world leader in the field of lithium industry.Also because of the attention of shareholders become “net red” enterprises.Still, not many people like Li choose to work back home. After finishing college, most young people head north to Guangzhou and Shenzhen, or better second-tier cities.”Returning home means only teachers, civil servants and state-owned enterprises are good choices.”Among Li Lei’s classmates, those who stay in their hometown are basically these several end-result.Big times are tides, but life in a small town can always be fun and easy.Especially in factories and mines, where they live on their own, the older generation can live almost their entire lives without leaving the factory, but the attraction for young people is not what it used to be.It is said that most of the children of factories and mines will experience the feelings of their hometown generally self-identification, dislike to miss several stages.Li Lei remembered that other friends in the city were full of envy of the factory and mine, and the children of the factory and mine were quite identified with their own identity.Most of the older generation came from all over the world, and there was a clear geographical and psychological distance between them and the locals.Li Lei’s hometown is in another province. His family has been in the factory since his grandfather’s generation, and most of his classmates are from other cities and other provinces in the province, even some of them are from Shanghai.As a child, Li lei’s neighbors were a couple from Shanghai, who spoke thick Jiangsu and Zhejiang accents and wore elaborate daily clothes.So that when he grew up, many of his classmates chose to go to Shanghai.In the 1980s and 1990s, the steel industry was in full swing. Within a decade, domestic steel production doubled from 40 million tons to 80 million tons.Li lei’s iron and steel company is also changing with each passing day, building a gymnasium, cultural palace, dance hall, theater, etc. In the early 1990s, the factory also raised money to build houses.For as long as he can remember, Li Lei and his classmates moved into newly built buildings from their worker housing in the 1960s.Since his home was not far from the school, he and his friends would walk to and from school together.Li Lei still vaguely remembered that when he was a child, the labor union of his parents’ unit often held various social activities in the dance hall. On holidays, the unit would issue a lot of welfare, and there were cold drink tickets every summer, which could buy ice cream soda.When I was in school, the school would hold theatrical performances in the theater at the end of each year, and usually organized to watch movies. I lived a simple, happy and lively life.In the memory of Liu Yue, who was born in the 1980s, when she was a student, she could look out the window of her classroom and see the smokestacks in the distance, which was a factory in operation 365 days a year.After growing up, however, there are not many friends who are willing to stay in their hometown.”After all, steel is a heavy industry. It is very hard work. There is some pollution and some technical barriers.In the 21st century, a series of new changes have taken place in the iron and steel industry.Large iron and steel enterprises to the modernization of transformation, high energy consumption of traditional iron and steel enterprises gradually lag behind, Li Lei’s parents’ unit also several degrees of poor efficiency.It was only in recent years that the company gradually got out of the predicament thanks to its own efforts and policies.However, as my friends grow up and move out, the residential area is gradually deserted, and the life here has lost its once lively.”The south side of the city is getting old, and families with good conditions will generally move to the north of the city and drive to the south to work.”It was not until several years after graduation that Wang Xin, who was born in the 1990s, walked into the factory where her parents had worked for the first time under the guidance of her cousin.The factory, covering 6.3 million square meters, was nothing like the dirty, untidy steel mills she remembered as a child.More than ten kilometers of cement roads have been replaced by asphalt roads, and each functional workshop is well-proportioned. The huge production machines are close at hand, which makes her quite shocked.”Seeing it up close for the first time, it’s kind of overwhelming.The first thought was, that’s how steel is made.”But for Wang xin, who has gradually adapted to the pace of life in other places, returning home was never the first choice.Now, she occasionally remembers the life in the factory, and sometimes goes home to visit the breakfast shop with her classmates in her hometown. Although they chose different lives, the social relations formed by the children of the factory and mining are almost the same.After those who stayed went to college in another province, Li lei also spent two years in Shenzhen and bought a house with his family’s support, but he felt stressed by the fast pace of life in first-tier cities.In the end, he went home to work, married a former classmate, and lived a prosperous and comfortable life.The same is true for xingzi, also born in the 1990s.Just after graduation, she went to Beijing and drifted for more than a year before coming back to get married and have a child. Now, she works as a school teacher, and in her spare time, she works as a part-time radio anchor.Although she sometimes misses the busy streets of Guomao and the chezai noodles of convenience stores, looking back now, at least it was a decision she would not regret.Since he did not go to college, he has been working in Xingang for nearly 20 years since graduating from shijun Technical School in 1983.This year’s New Year’s Eve, shi jun and his family had a quick dinner, and then rushed to work the night shift.Different from general enterprises, most of the children of factories and mines do not have holidays, especially front-line workers, in the work of three shifts, even if it is New Year’s Eve, row to your class will go to work normally.But unlike the overtime that is common in big cities, the factory is mostly on time.Living here since childhood, Shi Jun is like a few family treasures to the development of new steel.In ’97 and’ 07, he remembers, the company was so bad it could barely make payroll.”It’s really gotten better over the years, and the plant has expanded.Some of the workers are getting more than 10,000 yuan.”Also in 2007, Xingang began shantytown transformation, a number of old bungalows and buildings were demolished, and high-rise commercial housing was built.In the same year, Xinsteel achieved the overall listing through a private increase.As economies of scale grew, the company increased recruitment of new graduates, and another group of young people from across the country came to the town to participate in the development of the steel industry.In 2021, Xinsteel’s revenue will exceed 100 billion yuan, and its net profit is expected to be around 4 to 4.5 billion yuan, with a year-on-year growth of 48.33%-66.67%.This year’s Spring Festival, in addition to year-end bonus, the unit also sent 3000 yuan to the on-the-job and retired workers, even retired employees also have 400 yuan.”Last year, steel prices rose all the way, the country also adjusted steel export tariffs, the company’s profits are good, the treatment of employees have improved.”Today, shi jun’s family lives with his retired father and has worked steadily for a decade, leading a well-off life.Every summer, Shi takes annual leave and takes his family to different cities, but they haven’t been able to go out in the last two years because of the epidemic.His daughter will enter high school later this year. In order to improve her grades, Shi jun often asks where the teacher makes up the good lessons and takes her to class.Fortunately, her daughter’s grades are among the best in the grade, and the current goal is to be admitted to a key high school in the city, and finally to a good university.Perhaps in the heart of Shi Jun, still looking forward to her daughter through a good university out of here.In 2020, the GDP of Xinyu exceeded 100 billion yuan for the first time. Although xinyu ranks low in the province, its per capita GDP has always been among the best.At the same time, new industries are growing in the city to reduce its dependence on steel, including lithium-ion, which has been on the rise in recent years.Liu Hua has worked for ganfeng Lithium, the largest local company, for eight years.In the week leading up to the Spring Festival, he was on the middle shift, starting at 4pm and working until 12pm.Fortunately, he was originally a local, and can have a family reunion dinner at noon, and then go to the unit.”We are also basically local people, outsiders are college students, the company has developed in recent years, every year will recruit a lot of college students.”Ganfeng Lithium was founded in 2000. At that time, steel plants were the main source of the city’s GDP, but the government began to support the emerging industry.Shi jun remembers that the city’s photovoltaic industry developed rapidly in the early years.At that time, the global photovoltaic market was booming, and the town was newly introduced to the photovoltaic industry. At that time, only the local leading photovoltaic enterprises occupied 20% of the global photovoltaic market share, but later, the industry experienced a winter, many enterprises did not stick to it.In the past decade, the lithium industry has risen. At present, there are 66 lithium and new energy enterprises in this town, forming a relatively complete lithium electric industry chain including lithium salt, lithium battery anode and cathode materials, and battery application.Among them, the annual capacity of lithium salt reaches 159,500 tons, accounting for 25% of the global, 39% of the national.In 2021, Ganfeng Lithium, the company Liu hua works for, reached a capacity of 120,000 tons of lithium, surpassing The U.S. Yabo Lithium, which has a capacity of 80,000 tons, to become the world’s largest lithium and metal lithium supplier.In the past year, Ganfeng Lithium’s estimated net profit reached 4.8 billion yuan to 5.5 billion yuan, up 368.45 percent to 436.76 percent from the same period last year.”These years, the company’s treatment is ok, basically every year will give year-end bonus, this year there will be more, front-line workers also get about 5,000 yuan.”In his mind, the boss was a down-to-earth entrepreneur.However, Liu Hua also admitted that because the company is still expanding, the employee base is large, so the overall welfare is not as good as the company next to the same lithium battery, “their scale is behind us, but I heard that the treatment is much better, even the workshop monitor has shares.”During Spring Festival, Liu and his colleagues went to work as usual, working in three shifts.However.There will be a return to two shifts after the New Year, “with longer hours and fewer trips home,” he said.Despite its reputation and more than 140,000 shareholders, not many people in the region know about ganfeng Lithium if they are not investors.”I bought this stock in 2018, and the cost was only 40 yuan at that time, but I sold it soon after making a small profit, and the profit was only a few hundred yuan.”In just two years, the stock has multiplied several times, peaking at more than 200 yuan per share and exceeding 200 billion yuan in market value, according to a local investor.”I know that the company’s stock has risen a lot in recent years, but our front-line employees and their families are under great pressure, so they will not speculate in the stock market.”As far as Liu knows, not many ordinary employees like him buy company shares.In the New Year, he hopes the company can continue to develop, while improving their treatment, and he can spend more time with his family.