Btr-60’s cousin?Czechoslovakian and Polish OT-64 armoured personnel carrier

2022-07-19 0 By

The BTR-60 wheeled APC was developed by the Soviet Union in the late 1950s. It was an epochal piece of equipment that ushered in the era of modern wheeled APCs, but its success was largely due to Soviet state influence, which allowed it to be produced in large numbers.There was an equally good armoured personnel carrier from the same period, the OT-64 SKOT, which was better on a single bike but was sometimes mistaken for the BTR-60.Czechoslovakia and others got some information about the BTR-60 when the Soviet Union was developing a copy of the SECOND World War half-track APCS and a copy of the BTR-50P. These were relatively outdated and needed to be developed as a next-generation replacement, hence the OT-64.The DEVELOPMENT of the OT-64 may have been influenced by some information about the BTR-60, which was also designed to be an 8×8 wheeled vehicle, similar in appearance to the BTR-60, but not directly related from a technical or other point of view.The OT-64 has a wedge-shaped nose with sloped body armor, especially the rear armor that leans back like the German half-track APCS in World War II. However, the OT-64’s armor is thicker than the BTR-60’s. Its frontal armor is 13 mm at its thickest, while the BTR-60’s are 9 mm, although neither is very thick.But thicker armor is always more effective against damage like shrapnel.At the time, armored vehicles were commonly fitted with triple protection, as was the OT-64.The driver and chief sit side by side in the cabin at the front, and behind them is the engine compartment, fitted with a 180-horsepower air-cooled V8 diesel engine, which is also more reliable than the BTR-60’s twin petrol engines and less prone to fire.The chassis adopts 8×8 structure, and the second and third pairs of wheels have a large spacing, which is also an obvious difference from THE BTR-60. A tire pressure control system is installed on the car, which is controlled by the driver, and the vehicle steering is completed by the first two pairs of wheels.The vehicle is capable of traveling on water, which is driven by two propellers at the rear.Behind the engine compartment is the troop compartment, which can transport up to 18 soldiers. The engine is located in the front to provide a variant defense capability, reducing passenger casualties if the vehicle is hit head-on. The ENGINE of the BTR-60 is mounted in the rear of the vehicle.Another advantage of this arrangement was that large doors could be fitted at the rear for quick entry and exit, as well as at the top of the troop carrier.The OT-64 was originally produced in both troop and armed versions, the troop version carrying 18 soldiers and the armed version carrying 15 soldiers, with a small one-man rotating turret mounted on the roof. The main weapon was a 14.5mm KPWT heavy machine gun, and the auxiliary weapon was a 7.62mm PKT machine gun.The gunner has a separate adjustable height seat.The OT-64 has a maximum road speed of 94 km/h, a water speed of 9 km/h, and a maximum range of about 700 km. The OT-64 is slightly more maneuverable than the BTR-60, as well as better protection and troop transport, so many people believe that the OVERALL level of the OT-64 is higher than the BTR-60.Of course, everything has two sides. The drawback of the OT-64’s larger carrying space is that the projected area of the vehicle body is slightly larger. The full load weight of the oT-64 is about 14.5 tons, which is higher than the 9~10 tons of the BTR-60, which will bring adverse effects in off-road operations.However, the OT-64 is still a successful apC in general, as can be seen from its export sales. In addition to Czechoslovakia and Poland, the OT-64 was also purchased by Cambodia, Egypt, Uruguay and other countries, and many of them were still in service at the beginning of this century, which shows that its performance is reliable.