What is the background of the Battle of Jena?Results and effects of the Battle of Jena

2022-07-28 0 By

In European military history, the Battle of Jena, also known as the Battle of Jena-Oerstedt, was a massive military battle between France and Prussia in the early 19th century.It is said that the background of the Battle of Jena is the early 1806, after the defeat of austerlitz, the strategic pattern of the European continent has changed dramatically.At that time, The Rapid military rise of France became a powerful military power in Europe, and there were signs of opposition to France in Various European countries. For a time, the First French Empire led by Napoleon was the target of public criticism on the European continent.Although, on the surface, The European countries are peaceful, but in reality, the tide is raging.In the anti-french alliance, Britain and Russia is the biggest threat for France, the Prussian attitude temporarily unclear circumstances, napoleon intended to use diplomacy to hold his first, then, napoleon to the king of Prussia bribe to the British territory in Hanover, ensure the Prussian temporarily not to participate in the reversal in the camp.But the ceding of Hanover was expedient, and soon after, in negotiations with the Whig government in London, Napoleon reversed course and returned Hanover to the British.The Prussians, feeling ridiculed, went over to the anti-French side and contemplated military retaliation against France, which was the setting for the Battle of Jena.However, there is also a historical data shows that “Hanover event”, although is napoleon’s diplomatic blunder, but old ally of Russia’s Prussia to fight a grandiose excuse, namely the fact that the play is a function of a fuse, the real battle of jena background, I’m afraid that dates back to the 18th century, at the beginning of the French military rise, at that time,The arrogant French have signalled their ambition to dominate Europe, alarming their neighbours.The Battle of Jena The battle of Jena, which took place in late autumn 1806, is described in great detail in European historical records.As a classic battle commanded by Napoleon Bonaparte, the first Emperor of France, the Battle of Jena has its special historical significance in the world military history.The battle of Jena is easy to find in napoleon’s biographies.In October 1806, Napoleon’s main French army was confronted near Jena by prince Hohenlohe.The armies of the two countries, already politically bitter, came face to face and exchanged fierce exchanges.For a time, the artillery boom, hundreds of thousands of troops in the flames of war on the Continent of Europe to carry out a bloody battle.At first, Napoleon’s small army of nearly fifty thousand men was not an advantage, but under his brilliant strategy, the French army still played a very subjective role in the battle.The Prussian army was much slower to respond.Prince Hohenlohe’s troops had already moved before von Blucher’s reinforcements arrived, so they were short of reinforcements and lost the battle.And davou and Bernardotte, napoleon’s fierce generals, had been ordered to help the French at the same time, so that after the first brief skirmishes at Jena there was little difference between the two sides.Moreover, because Napoleon’s army was so well trained and so brave, the French had clearly taken the strategic initiative in successive battles.It is worth mentioning that in the battle, the elite third Army led by Davu, with the advantage of artillery, offset the Attacks of the Prussian army many times, and then launched a counter-attack quickly, defeated the Prussian army in one fell swoop, ensuring that the French army finally won the overall victory of the war.Results of the Battle of Jena In 1806, the Battle of Jena broke out in Europe between France and Prussia.Under the wise command of napoleon, the first Emperor of France, the Battle of Jena turned out to be a complete victory for the French army. After this battle, the Prussian army suffered a heavy defeat. More than twenty thousand Prussians died on the battlefield, and two hundred artillery pieces became the spoils of the French.According to the European history, jena is very bitter battle result, at the same time of the Prussian army caused great casualties, the French have lost as the thousands of soldiers going after winning campaign, however, grandiose, napoleon didn’t to reflect on the cause of the war diplomatic missteps, still with triumphant attitude made great contributions to the war of the French army officer careers,For example, the commander of the third Army Davu, he was awarded the Duke of Olstadt because of the war, but also become a famous war in the history of the empire.On the other hand, Bernardot, who was not good in the war, was severely criticized by Napoleon after he returned to Paris and then dismissed from his post.The result of the Battle of Jena was, of course, a celebration for the French, but certainly a long agony for the defeated Prussians.Suffered huge losses in the battle of Prussia, once depressed after the war, especially in Brunswick, the duke was mortally wounded on the battlefield, this means that once the following a long period of time, Prussian can implement effective counter for the French, along with prince HuoEnLuo urban and led by general von lu herschel tens of thousands of PuJun again in October, November surrender French respectively,This dealt an even greater blow to Prussian morale.The defeat of Prussia marked the failure of the fourth Coalition to engage France in a direct war, which meant that the First French Empire under the rule of Napoleon would continue to dominate the European continent for a long time.In the history of European warfare, the Battle of Jena, which took place in 1806 between the French army and Prussia, was one of napoleon’s numerous victories in his lifetime.In this battle, Napoleon commanded the French army defeated the Prussian army, achieved brilliant results, but also his own legendary life added a lot of luster.This massive battle of Jena had a profound impact, not only on the French victory, but also on the Prussians who lost the battle and paid the price of blood.The most important aspect of the impact of jena was the change in Prussian domestic politics after the war.First of all, for the Prussians, the defeat reflected the necessity and urgency of liberal reform in Prussia, which was still in the feudal period politically and militarily.In any period of the war, as long as it is the turn of the countries and military contest, contest is necessarily the comprehensive strength of the two countries, there is no denying the fact that at the time of Prussia in terms of overall national strength, compared with united and powerful empire, to many, that, when Prussia’s main military reformer cases of many senior officers are aware of directly.As a result, Prussia began a top-down military and social reform that transformed it into a modern state, gradually driving France out of Germany and becoming the dominant power in Europe.The Prussian leadership also happened to agree with the famous German philosopher Hegel.Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit was completed at the height of the Battle of Jena.In this new book, Hegel sees the battle as “the end of history”, which is a brilliant analysis of the movement of European society towards “liberal democracy”.Well today’s article is over here, like history and real estate knowledge friends, you can pay attention to small armour, will update the article every day oh ^_^