How do the Chinese and American militaries evaluate each other in declassified reports after the Battle of Changjin-Ho
As the film “Chosin Lake” and its sequel “Watergate Bridge of Chosin Lake” were released twice during the National Day and the Spring Festival, there were many articles on the Battle of Chosin Lake on the Internet, but most of them did not have data sources (especially primary data), so it was inevitable to copy from one source to another.Therefore, the article “A Detailed Explanation of more than 40 Pictures of Changjin Lake and Watergate Bridge” (some of which are first seen in China) published by our studio on the first day of the Chinese New Year (double-click the title of the article to see it) has been recognized by readers because of the reference of a large number of first-hand materials from both China and the United States, especially the United States.Before the war, the Chinese and American militaries had a large deviation in their assessment of each other.After the Battle of Changjin Lake, the understanding of each other became more objective.So how did the Chinese and American armies see each other after the Battle of Chosin Lake?Here is a look at the declassified report of the 20th Volunteer Corps and the 10th American Corps on the Battle of Jangjin Lake.Jangjin Lake is a lake in the northwest of South Hamgyong Province, North Korea. Summary Report of the 20th ARMY of the Volunteers. Summary Report of the 10th Army of the United States.The summary report of the 20th Volunteer Corps consisted of 112 pages. The page numbers of the 8 sections are distributed as follows: 1.Prewar enemy posture and Our mission and deployment (pp. 1-12) 2. Gains from the campaign (pp. 12-14) 3.Review of the campaign (pp. 14-36) 4 Tactical issues (pp. 36-59) 5.Reconnaissance and Communications (pp. 59-71) 6. Typical presentations of successes and failures (pp. 72-96) 7.Major lessons learned from the campaign (pp. 97-101) 8 Various charts (with statistics, pp. 102-108) The summary report of the 10TH Army consists of 129 pages, with eight section page numbers distributed as follows: 1.Preface (1-10) 2. Command (11-27) 3. Intelligence (28-32) 4.Operations (pp. 33-43) 5. logistics (pp. 44-95) 6. manpower (pp. 96-99) 7.Evaluation (pp. 100-105) 8. Catalogue of Plans and Orders (pp. 106-113) In Terms of Characteristics One striking feature of the summary report of the 20th Volunteer Corps was that the lessons section far outnumbered the lessons section.If you look at it in detail, the volunteers’ summary of their shortcomings can be described as “harsh”.It is worth noting that the volunteer army specialized in “reconnaissance and communications” as a large part, which is very particular.In the famous “Watergate Bridge incident”, zhang Yixiang, commander of the 20th Army, failed to contact his 60th division for many times because of communication problems (the main task of blowing up the Watergate Bridge was a battalion of the 180th regiment of the 60th Division).Another notable feature of the 10th Army’s summary report is that the logistics section is the most extensive, at 52 pages. Considering that the entire report is only 129 pages, the logistics section accounts for 40 percent of the report!The report makes a point of fighting a war and logistics.Imagine, if volunteers with good logistics at the Watergate Bridge blew up the entire bridge in one blow, why repeatedly blow up the bridge and only blow a hole in one side?!Moreover, it will not cause a large number of direct combat losses due to the lack of warm measures in the extreme cold.Once you know the whole picture, look at the details.In report, the 20 how to describe the first part (the red box for the author to add) : evaluate the page 1, the 20 assessment, the 20 U.S. assessment, the 20 U.S. 2 pages 3 assessment, the 20 U.S. 4 assessment, the 20 U.S. pages 5 evaluate the page 6, the 20 in the American army in the report how to assess 10 volunteers:Of the three possible options, the volunteer corps chose the latter (note by the author).Something was wrong and contributed to their failure: they fought in many places but did not accomplish their main objective.Given that the volunteers had three major advantages: numbers, surprise attacks, and aggressive attacks, they were mostly engaged in encounters, which was a failure.The volunteer commander made two major mistakes when he launched the “human sea” attack against the 1st Marine Division.He concentrated his forces, attacking the only concentrated force of the tenth Army, rather than the weak point of the nineteenth Army (the other scattered forces).To say the least, if he had succeeded, it would have taken a lot of time, giving the 10th Army precious time to concentrate its forces.2. He grossly misjudged the strength of the 1st Marine Division by underestimating the power of American air support and firepower.In addition, the volunteer commanders made a third mistake: they failed to follow the principle of “concentration of forces” and the logistics were poor.The volunteers had enough troops here to coordinate the attack rather than scatter their forces and set up roadblocks.When it became clear that the two troops initially deployed were insufficient to annihilate the enemy at Chosin Lake, the volunteers hastily added one — the 26th army, and possibly another — and spent the first week of December doing their best to prevent the American retreat.However, it was too late.In summary, compared with reports from both sides, the 10TH US Army seems to have a thick skin. It clearly failed strategically, but seized on tactical fluke success to describe a defeat as a victory.However, the 10th Army summary report is not unreasonable in summarizing the “three mistakes” of the volunteers.The summary report of the 20th Volunteer Corps was realistic and not only objective but also stern in its content.From the style of writing, all dry goods no nonsense, can not smell any eight flavor.Compared with today, we need to inherit and carry forward the heroic performance of the forefathers of the volunteer army on the battlefield, and we need to learn from their efforts in official documents.U Xu Shu studio Xu Shu, sichuan people, military, Ph.D., used to work in a war zone level authority, and in the people’s liberation army newspaper, “house” and other media published more than 70 articles, a phoenix satellite TV and other media interview, invited to more than 10 times the speech, such as huawei published monograph “this is the American” will hong-guang wang (preface), published in the first year of five printing,It has been regularly ranked TOP3 on jd’s bestseller list, listed on sanlian bookstore’s bestseller list, and entered the New York public library and the national library of Australia.Now he has set up a studio focused on studying the US army.In 2020, he cooperated with Ear Wen to publish the book “The Way of War” (recommended by two teachers qiao Liang and Yu Ge, recommended by Lieutenant General Wang Hongguang and Senior Colonel Ren Guoqiang, recommended by jiang Ming, Jiang Xiaoyuan, Yang Lang and other famous experts on the cover), mainly covering 21 major military reforms in ancient and modern times.